Emblem glyphs[ edit ] Tikal or "Mutal" Emblem Glyph, Stela 26 in Tikal's Litoteca Museum An inscription in Maya glyphs from the site of Naranjorelating to the reign of king Itzamnaaj K'awil, — This section may be too technical for most readers to understand. Please help improve it to make it understandable to non-expertswithout removing the technical details.
Summary[ edit ] Singer's central argument is an expansion of the utilitarian idea that "the greatest good" is the only measure of good or ethical behavior.
He argues that there is no reason not to apply this principle to other animals. Although Singer rejects rights as a moral concept independent from his utilitarianism based on interests, he accepts rights as derived from utilitarian principles, particularly the principle of minimizing suffering.
He holds the interests of all beings capable of suffering to be worthy of equal consideration and that giving lesser consideration to beings based on their species is no more justified than discrimination based on writing animals color.
He argues that animals rights should be based on their capacity to feel pain more than on their intelligence. In particular, he argues that while animals show lower intelligence than the average human, many severely intellectually challenged humans show equally diminished, if not lower, mental capacity and that some animals have displayed signs of intelligence for example, primates learning elements of American sign language and other symbolic languages sometimes on a par with that of human children.
Therefore, intelligence does not provide a basis for giving nonhuman animals any less consideration than such intellectually challenged humans. He also condemns vivisection except where the benefit in terms of improved medical treatment, etc.
Activist Ingrid Newkirk wrote of Animal Liberation, "It forever changed the conversation about our treatment of animals. It made people—myself included—change what we ate, what we wore, and how we perceived animals.
It's had effects around the margins, of course, but they have mostly been minor. When I wrote it, I really thought the book would change the world. I know it sounds a little grand now, but at the time the sixties still existed for us.
It looked as if real changes were possible, and I let myself believe that this would be one of them. All you have to do is walk around the corner to McDonald's to see how successful I have been. In a lengthy debate in Slate MagazineRichard Posner wrote that Singer failed to see the "radicalism of the ethical vision that powers [his] view on animals, an ethical vision that finds greater value in a healthy pig than in a profoundly intellectually challenged child, that commands inflicting a lesser pain on a human being to avert a greater pain to a dog, and that, provided only that a chimpanzee has 1 percent of the mental ability of a normal human being, would require the sacrifice of the human being to save chimpanzees.
Personal background[ edit ] In an essay entitled "Animal Liberation: A Personal View", Singer describes the personal background that led to his adoption of the views he sets out in Animal Liberation. He writes of how he arrived in Oxford in Octoberand in had lunch with a fellow graduate student, Richard Keshen, who avoided meat.
This led Singer to inquire as to why.
Singer then read Ruth Harrison 's book, Animal Machines, as well as a paper by Roslind Godlovitch who would later co-edit Animals, Men and Moralswhich convinced him to become a vegetarian and to take animal suffering seriously as a philosophical issue.The meat paradox: how we can love some animals and eat others.
Animal Liberation: A New Ethics for Our Treatment of Animals is a book by Australian philosopher Peter tranceformingnlp.com is widely considered within the animal liberation movement to be the founding philosophical statement of its ideas.
Singer himself rejected the use of the theoretical framework of rights when it comes to human and nonhuman animals.. Following Jeremy Bentham, Singer argued that.
Mayan writing consisted of a relatively elaborate set of glyphs, which were laboriously painted on ceramics, walls and bark-paper codices, carved in wood and stone, and molded in tranceformingnlp.com and molded glyphs were painted, but .
"We the Animals is a dark jewel of a book. It’s heartbreaking. It’s beautiful. It resembles no other book I’ve read.
We should all be grateful for Justin Torres, a . Pet Themed Printable Writing Paper. This paper has "tracer lines" so that early printers can easily write a short note to grandparents or friends. Which creature would you like added to this website????
Email Andy & Lee Click on the "SNAIL" to Email me (ANDY)with your suggestion for the next creature to be added.