For several decades prior to his deposition, the United States had allied with and supported the Shah. Because of its importance in the allied victory, Iran was subsequently called "The Bridge of Victory" by Winston Churchill.
This terrorist act triggered the most profound crisis of the Carter presidency and began a personal ordeal for Jimmy Carter and the American people that lasted days. He pursued a policy of restraint that put a higher value on the lives of the hostages than on American retaliatory power or protecting his own political future.
In return for assuring the U. Early in the s, the Shah announced social and economic reforms but refused to grant broad political freedom. Iranian nationalists condemned his U.
During rioting inthe Shah cracked down, suppressing his opposition. Among those arrested and exiled was a popular religious nationalist and bitter foe of the United States, the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Between andthe Shah spent billions of oil dollars on military weapons.
The real price of military strength was the loss of popular support. On January 16,the Shah fled Iran, never to return.
The exiled Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Tehran in February and whipped popular discontent into rabid anti-Americanism.
When the Shah came to America for cancer treatment in October, the Ayatollah incited Iranian militants to attack the U. On November 4, the American Embassy in Tehran was overrun and its employees taken captive.
The hostage crisis had begun.William "Captain Kirk" Shatner narrates this documentary look at the history of the Iran Hostage Crisis, from its beginning in , until it's conclusion in , along with the details on how the Canadian Embassy in Tehran assisted with the escape of 6 American Embassy employees, without the Iranians ever discovering where they were hiding.
On November 4, , an angry mob of some to "students" who called themselves "Imam's Disciples," laid siege to the American Embassy in Teheran, Iran, to capture and hold hostage 66 U.S.
citizens and diplomats. On November 4, , Iranian militants stormed the United States Embassy in Tehran and took sixty-six Americans captive. Thus began the Iran Hostage Crisis, an affair that captivated the American public for days and marked America's first confrontation with the forces of radical Islam.
With the Iran Hostage Crisis stretching into its sixth month and all diplomatic appeals to the Iranian government ending in failure, President Jimmy Carter ordered the military mission as a last.
On November 4, , Iranian students seized the embassy and detained more than 50 Americans, ranging from the Chargé d’Affaires to the most junior members of the staff, as hostages. The Iranians held the American diplomats hostage for days. Iranian Revolution of –79, also called Islamic Revolution, Persian Enqelāb-e Eslāmī, popular uprising in Iran in –79 that resulted in the toppling of the monarchy on April 1, , and led to the establishment of an Islamic republic.