Intercultural conversations Oct 10, Xiaoli Yang and Graham Hill talk about Chinese poetry and Christian faith, and how to nurture intercultural conversations. Xiaoli Yang has done extensive research into Chinese culture and poetry.
Christian poetry is any poetry that contains Christian teachings, themes, or references. The influence of Christianity on poetry has been great in any area that Christianity has taken hold.
Christian poems often directly reference the Biblewhile others provide allegory. Overview of Christian poetry[ edit ] Poetic forms have been used by Christians since the recorded history of the faith begins. The earliest Christian poetry, in fact, appears in the New Testament.
Canticles such as the Magnificat and Nunc Dimittiswhich appear in the Gospel of Luketake the Biblical poetry of the psalms of the Hebrew Bible as their models.
Many Biblical scholars also believe that St Paul of Tarsus quotes bits of early Christian hymns in his epistles. Passages such as Philippians 2: Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
KJV Within the world of classical antiquityChristian poets often struggled with their relationship to the existing traditions of Greek and Latin poetrywhich were of course heavily influenced by paganism.
Paul quotes the pagan poets Aratus and Epimenides in Acts Other Christian poems of the late Roman Empiresuch as the Psychomachia of Prudentiuscut back on allusions to Greek mythologybut continue the use of inherited classical forms.
Other early Christian poets were more innovative. The hymnodist Venantius Fortunatus wrote a number of important poems that are still used in the liturgy of the Roman Catholic Churchsuch as the Vexilla Regis "The Royal Standard" and Pange, lingua, gloriosi proelium certaminis "Sing, O my tongue, of the glorious struggle".
From a literary and linguistic viewpoint, these hymns represent important innovations; they turn away from Greek prosody and instead seem to have been based on the rhythmic marching songs of Roman armies.
A related issue concerned the literary quality of Christian scripture. The Old Latin Bible added further solecisms to those found in its source texts.
None of the Christian scriptures were written to suit the tastes of those who were educated in classical Greek or Latin rhetoric. Educated pagans, seeing the sub-literary quality of the Christian scriptures, posed a problem for Christian apologists: Some Christian writers such as Tertullian flatly rejected classical standards of rhetoric; "what has Athens to do with Jerusalem?
The cultural prestige of classical literary standards was not so easy for other Christians to overcome.
St Jerometrained in the classical Latin rhetoric of Ciceroobserved that dismay over the quality of existing Latin Bible translations was a major motivating factor that induced him to produce the Vulgatewhich went on to become the standard Latin Bible, and remains the official Bible translation of the Roman Catholic Church.
A fuller appreciation of the formal literary virtues of Biblical poetry remained unavailable for European Christians untilwhen Robert Lowth later made a bishop in the Church of Englandkinder to the Hebrew language than his ownpublished Praelectiones Academicae de Sacra Poesi Hebraeorum, which identified parallelism as the chief rhetorical device within Hebrew poetry.
In many European vernacular literaturesChristian poetry appears among the earliest monuments of those literatures, and Biblical paraphrases in verse often precede Bible translations.
In Old English poetrythe Dream of the Rooda meditation on Christ's crucifixion which adapts Germanic heroic imagery and applies it to Jesus, is one of the earliest extant monuments of Old English literature. Dante Alighieri 's The Divine Comedy represents one of the earliest monuments of Italian vernacular literature.
Much Old Irish poetry was the work of Irish monks and is on religious themes.
This story is repeated in most European languages. Modern Christian poetry especially suffers from a difficulty of definition. The writings of a Christian poet are not necessarily classified as Christian poetry. The themes of poetry are necessarily hard to pin down, and what some see as a Christian theme or viewpoint may not be seen by others.
A number of modern writers are widely considered to have Christian themes in much of their poetry, including William BlakeG. Examples of Christian poets[ edit ] The following list is chronological by birth year.Restoration, including work on icons, religious artifacts, and other artworks.
Iconography, done in the classical egg tempera style. Paintings. Graphics design and . JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.
Oct 21, · One variety of English religious poetry is the devotional poem, popularized in 17th century verse by the later works of John Donne and by the minister-poet George Herbert.
Some devotional poetry involved rhyming translations from the Bible's Book of Psalms, or meditations on themes of divine providence, death, and redemption. English literature, the body of written works produced in the English language by inhabitants of the British Isles (including Ireland) from the 7th century to the present day.
The major literatures written in English outside the British Isles are treated separately under American literature, Australian literature, Canadian literature, and New Zealand literature. In the last few decades the existence of a Christian subculture, particularly in North America, has given rise to a specific genre of Christian novel, written by and for Christians of a particular type (i.e., conservative Evangelical Protestants), and generally with explicit Christian themes.
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