A lot of ideas were borrowed from them to build the way we now live in the USA. For example, John Locke stated that three rights were natural for all individuals. These rights were life, liberty, and property.
For the next eleven years he presided over the Tournelle, the Parlement's criminal division, in which capacity he heard legal proceedings, supervised prisons, and administered various punishments including torture.
During this time he was also active in the Academy of Bordeaux, where he kept abreast of scientific developments, and gave papers on topics ranging from the causes of echoes to the motives that should lead us to pursue the sciences.
In Montesquieu published the Persian Letters, which was an instant success and made Montesquieu a literary celebrity. He published the Persian Letters anonymously, but his authorship was an open secret. He began to spend more time in Paris, where he frequented salons and acted on behalf of the Parlement and the Academy of Bordeaux.
During this period he wrote several minor works: In he sold his life interest in his office and resigned from the Parlement. After visiting Italy, Germany, Austria, and other countries, he went to England, where he lived for two years. He was greatly impressed with the English political system, and drew on his observations of it in his later work.
During this time he also wrote Considerations on the Causes of the Greatness of the Romans and of their Decline, which he published anonymously in In this book he tried to work out the application of his views to the particular case of Rome, and in so doing to discourage the use of Rome as a model for contemporary governments.
Parts of Considerations were incorporated into The Spirit of the Laws, which he published in Two years later he published a Defense of the Spirit of the Laws to answer his various critics.
While these works share certain themes -- most notably a fascination with non-European societies and a horror of despotism -- they are quite different from one another, and will be treated separately.
The Persian Letters The Persian Letters is an epistolary novel consisting of letters sent to and from two fictional Persians, Usbek and Rica, who set out for Europe in and remain there at least untilwhen the novel ends.
When Montesquieu wrote the Persian Letters, travellers' accounts of their journeys to hitherto unknown parts of the world, and of the peculiar customs they found there, were very popular in Europe. While Montesquieu was not the first writer to try to imagine how European culture might look to travellers from non-European countries, he used that device with particular brilliance.
Many of the letters are brief descriptions of scenes or characters. At first their humor derives mostly from the fact that Usbek and Rica misinterpret what they see.
Thus, for instance, Rica writes that the Pope is a magician who can "make the king believe that three are only one, or else that the bread one eats is not bread, or that the wine one drinks is not wine, and a thousand other things of the same kind" Letter 24 ; when Rica goes to the theater, he concludes that the spectators he sees in private boxes are actors enacting dramatic tableaux for the entertainment of the audience.
In later letters, Usbek and Rica no longer misinterpret what they see; however, they find the actions of Europeans no less incomprehensible.
They describe people who are so consumed by vanity that they become ridiculous, scholars whose concern for the minutiae of texts blinds them to the world around them, and a scientist who nearly freezes to death because lighting a fire in his room would interfere with his attempt to obtain exact measurements of its temperature.
Interspersed among these descriptive letters are the Persians' reflections on what they see. Usbek is particularly given to such musings, and he shares many of Montesquieu's own preoccupations:Comparing John Locke and Baron de Montesquieu Essay; Comparing John Locke and Baron de Montesquieu Essay.
Words Oct 8th, 3 Pages. The Enlightenment was a time of change in Europe.
There were many new ideas, and various influential thinkers that inspired new invention and also inspired revolutions. All of these thinkers had .
Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu (/ ˈ m ɒ n t ə s k j uː /; French: [mɔ̃tɛskjø]; 18 January – 10 February ), generally referred to as simply Montesquieu, was a French judge, man of letters, and political philosopher. Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, was born on January 19th, at La Brède, near Bordeaux, to a noble and prosperous family.
He was educated at the Oratorian Collège de Juilly, received a law degree from the University of Bordeaux in , and went to Paris to continue his legal studies.
Montesquieu (Full name Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu) French philosopher, historian, essayist, and fiction writer.
John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Jean Jacques Rousseau were all enlightenment tranceformingnlp.com of these men had a particular view of government, society, and its citizens and they were all passionate about their works.
Locke ( ) was an English philosopher, his ideas had a great impact on the development of . Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu (/ ˈ m ɒ n t ə s k j uː /; French: [mɔ̃tɛskjø]; 18 January – 10 February ), generally referred to as simply Montesquieu, was a French judge, man of letters, and political tranceformingnlp.com: 18th-century philosophy.